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SPT 270 Sport and Society -- Dr. Lottes: Evaluating Web sources

A study guide of finding scholarly articles for research projects in Sports and Society

Evaluation Criteria for Websites

Four Criteria to look for when evaluating open (no password needed) websites:

Remember the acronym CUBE 



  • Is it written like real research?  Are there typos?  How credible is a source if there are typographical errors?
  • Are the sources they use in a bibliography? if not, do the authors give enough information that you can prove their sources exist and their quotes are accurate?


  • Are there dates on the page indicating when it was written or last revised?
  • Are there indications that the material is kept current?


  • Is the information Unbiased?  Is it posted by a for-profit organization, a political action committee, a conservative or liberal "think tank"?
  • Is the information free of advertising? is the advertising clearly advertising, or is it part of the content?
  • Bias is not wrong, but a professional, credible, research website will be upfront about their position and let you know very clearly which side they are on.


  • Who sponsors this web page?  Extensions like:  .edu  -- for educational institutions, or  .org -- non-profit organizations.
  • This does not mean that the organizations are legitimate or unbiased.  So you need to use this in conjunction with the rest of the criteria