Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
For information on library services during Fall 2020 go to our COVID 19 guide
All GOOGLE is not created equal
Google SCHOLAR is a subset of the larger Google search engine. It searches only for articles from mostly scholarly sources where the holder of the copyright has allowed internet access.
There is a new scam in academic publishing, sometimes referred to as "predatory journals." These are made-up, online journals that charge authors to publish their articles, but the journals do not have legitimate peer-review, and will publish anything for a price. Often these journal names are closely related to the names of legitimate journals, so be careful. Google Scholar does not have a filter to screen out these "con-job" journals.
Finding reliable websites on the Internet
To help you evaluate the sites you find:
- info: for information about a website. Works best with the homepage address. info:aclu.org
related: search for related sites, use the word "related" followed by a colon: related:api.org
link: Find out where someone referenced this link on the website: link:wwf.org
v-e-r-y important: there is no space after the colon when using these commands; don't need to put in the "http" or the "www"
More Tips for searching Google
- site:.[extension] put in your keywords and then add site: [extension for website, like .com]
- for example: scholarships site:.edu
- site:.org for organizations; site:.gov for government sites
- Use quotes for names and phrases: "Donald Trump" "climate change" "left wing"
- Use a hyphen to exclude terms: football -soccer
- Search a range of numbers with two dots: 2008.. 100..150 ..50
- This works great with monetary vaules, for example, $10.00..$50.00